If your teeth are sticking out like this, then you need help.
The AAO defines the overbite as Medically Necessary Orthodontic Care if the Overbite is greater than 8mm “reference”
Case of the Month for severe correction June 2013
What is an overbite?
This is a common problem where the top teeth are positioned more forward relative to the bottom teeth and thus giving it the appearance of “Bucked teeth”. Several factors contribute to overbite including hereditary, thumb sucking, trauma to the chin, early loss of lower baby teeth etc...
What causes an overbite?
There are several reasons why you might have an overbite
- 1. Genetics. Studies has shown a strong genetic influence on upper and lower jaw growth making over bite a problem that runs in the families. So, if you have an over bite, check first whose fault is it, your mom, your dad, or both?
- 2. Bad habits. Thumb sucking, lower lip biting and prolonged use of a pacifier are bad habits that restrains the growth of the lower jaw causing your over bite to get worse. The earlier that habit is eliminated, the better chance the over bite might be self corrected.
- 3. Trauma. Falling on your chin from a bicycle or while playing can cause a trauma to the growing jaw. The jaw might stop growing for a while based on the severity of the trauma
- 4. Tooth count discrepancy. Over bite might happen if you have extra teeth on the upper jaw or missing teeth on the lower jaw. The extra tooth must be extracted and the missing tooth must be replaced in order to correct the overbite.
- 5. Pathological. This is a rare situation where your body will absorb the lower jaw. It will happen slowly, and it is related to your physical health which needs the attention of your medical doctor.
- 6. Gum disease. This happens for older patients when the upper teeth loose the bony support causing teeth go more forward.
Types of overbite
Vertical Overbite - This is when the top teeth overlap the bottom teeth.
Horizontal Overbite - This happens when the bottom teeth extend beyond the bottom teeth.
Patients can show sign of both types of overbites and they can cause a dental overbite and a skeletal overbite Dental overbites are being caused directly by the teeth. A skeletal overbite is caused by the jaw.
What is the best age to treat my overbite?
When children are still developing is generally the best time for treatment. Especially around the time of a growth spurt. This age for girls is between 10-12 years old for girls and 11-13 years old for boys. At these ages dental issues become apparent, the upper and lower jaws are actively growing and the orthodontist might be able to modify the growth pattern to correct it.
How to fix overbite?
The type of treatment depends on the age of the patient. Growth modification devices can help better position the jaw (used in children still in developing stages). In children the removal of baby teeth will make room for the teeth to grow. Braces in children will help to slowly move the teeth in to position to correct the overbite and will also help the jaw align to correct the overbite. Braces in adults will only move the teeth to correct the overbite and will possibly require the removal of teeth.
|if the patient is in early childhood, the treatment objective is to bring the lower jaw forward with braces / Invisalign combined with a headgear / rubber bands / bite correcter, etc... NO extraction is needed|
|If the patient is an adult with severe overbite, then extracting two upper teeth might be needed of optimum outcome|
Treating overbite requires a careful study of your record to determine the best treatment plan. In most cases, the treatment will consist of two parts, one to treat your teeth and the other one to correct your overbite. This includes rubber bands, Head gear and Bite corrector.
My Dentist told me that I have to have to a surgery to correct my overbite, is this true?
Again, many factors must be considered in determining the need for surgery. The most important ones are the extent of the overbite and how much facial improvement is patient looking at. Here is a case that we fixed without Surgery.
However, if the patient is having a breathing problems "sleep apnea" as a result of the small lower jaw, then surgery might be recommended. Dr. Kanaan will coordinate with your sleep specialists what is the best for you.
Can Invisalign correct an overbite?
YES, and I fixed the overbite of my brother who is 38 with Invisalign. Invisalign now offers two options to do this:
1. Use rubber bands with invisalign as with traditional braces, or
2. Use the jaw advancement jigs built into the Invisalign trays.
Call us today for a FREE consultation and X-rays "including 3D Xray if needed" with Dr. Kanaan 281-249-9999
What appliances can fix the overbite?
|Rubber bands. This is the simplest and cheapest way to correct the overbite. The bands will deliver a force system to move the upper jaw backward and the lower teeth forward. You need to wear the bands at least 16 hours a day|
|Twin Force. If you are a not a complaint patient and do not wear the bands enough, then we can place a fixed appliance that has a spring inside which will deliver a similar force system like the rubber bands|
|Head Gear. If your upper teeth are way pushed out and we want to bring them backward, then a head gear will be the best choice. You need to wear it at least 12 hours a day.|
|Mini implants TADs. If you do not want to wear the head gear, we can extract 2 upper teeth “ usually the first premolars” and bring your front teeth back with a mini implant support.|